Updated on 23 July 2022

Residence permits during the state of emergency

What is the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19)?

Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that can cause illnesses ranging from the common cold to more serious respiratory infections like bronchitis, pneumonia or severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).

The 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) causes respiratory infection.

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms range from mild - like the flu and other common respiratory infections - to severe, and can include:

  • fever
  • cough
  • difficulty breathing.

Complications from the 2019 novel coronavirus can include serious conditions, like pneumonia or kidney failure, and in some cases, death.

Coronaviruses are spread mainly from person to person through close contact, for example, in a household, workplace or health care centre.

How can I protect myself against the 2019 novel coronavirus?

There is no vaccine available to protect against the 2019 novel coronavirus.

There are everyday actions that can help prevent the spread of germs that cause respiratory illnesses. Take these everyday steps to reduce exposure to the virus and protect your health:

  • wash your hands often with soap and water or alcohol-based hand sanitizer
  • sneeze and cough into your sleeve
  • avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth
  • avoid contact with people who are sick
  • stay home if you are sick.

Can I receive treatment for the 2019 novel coronavirus?

There are no specific treatments for coronaviruses, and there is no vaccine that protects against coronaviruses. Most people with common human coronavirus illnesses will recover on their own.

You should:

  • drink plenty of fluids
  • get rest and sleep as much as possible
  • try a humidifier or a hot shower to help with a sore throat or cough.

What should I do if I think I have the virus?

If you develop symptoms of the 2019 novel coronavirus avoid contact with others and call your local public health unit or the helpline +359 2 9301 152, +359 2 9301 253 and e-mail goreshtalinia@mh.government.bg maintained by the Ministry of Health. Read Steps to Help Prevent the Spread of COVID-19 If You Are Sick

If you need immediate medical attention, call 112 and mention your symptoms.